In March of 2015, a coalition led by Saudi Arabia and supported by Western governments including the US, France and the UK began a heavy and prolonged air bombing campaign against Yemen. According to the UN, the war has killed at least two hundred and thirty thousand people. Much of the country’s already weak infrastructure is now destroyed. The multi-national military intervention came after Houthi rebels forces removed the internationally recognized government in late 2014. As the war progressed, the Houthis rebels, who have long been allied with Iran, seized control of vast areas of the country.
From 2015 until the present day, the war has been fought on many shifting fronts from Al Hodeidah on the Red Sea coast to the now-divided city of Taiz. In 2020, the fighting flared in the desert region of Ma'rib as the Houthis pushed toward the country's oil fields. The UN Refugee Agency estimates that almost four million people have had to flee their homes due to conflict with many now living in scattered internally displaced person (IDP) settlements.
From early 2016, the Saudi-led coalition has imposed an ongoing blockade of critical imports into Red Sea ports that serve much of northern Yemen, and food is often prohibitively expensive due to complications associated with port restrictions.
With ever-shifting frontlines between the Yemeni government and Houthi forces as well as the presence of Al Qaeda and other militant groups (ISIS) in Yemen today, the widespread fighting has severely obstructed humanitarian aid distribution with the now-deadly threat of famine looking likely in the more rural areas of north west Yemen.
‘Yemen : Conflict+Chaos' portrays a country fractured by war and tribal division; a place where the civilian population exists chained to an eternal struggle and trapped in a haunted present.